The academic structure of Poland resembles to the transitional Central Eastern European model characteristic of many countries of the former Soviet block. Starting from the 1990s the government began to introduce the principles of the Bologna Process and to decentralise the system of public higher education giving universities more autonomy in setting their own principles for recruiting academic staff, including the number of faculty members.
At the same time, public authorities remain responsible for fixing the minimum amount of teaching hours with respect to specific positions although universities are free to increase salaries by drawing on their own resources. The law fixes also the criteria for career advancement.
Polish Acreditation Committee (Polska Komisja Akredytacyjna), established in 2011, is responsible for the quality of higher education In Poland. The Committee’s main task is to evaluate the degree courses counducted in all public and private universities.
The 1990 reform liberalised the higher education system. An astonishing number of non-state higher education institutions have been established. Another reform, which took place in 2011, inrtroduced further radical changes in the Polish system of higher education.
In terms of gender, Polish academia is considered ‘feminized’ in comparison to the other EU countries. This has been explained by the fact that since the 1990s, many highly skilled academics have taken positions in private companies. Women, considered as a secondary bread winner, have been more able to purse academic career and invest their life in science and academia. For futher information on this topic check here.
Higher Education in Poland
The higher education system comprises both state and non-state institutions. The latter are created on the basis of the 1990 Higher Education Act. Before that, there were only state higher education institutions (with the exception of the Catholic University of Lublin).
Most higher education institutions are under the responsibility of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education. Some, however, are under the control of other competent Ministries.
Apart from the universities, scholars can develop an academic career in the scientific and research-development units. Among them there are scientific units of Polish Academy of Science.
Recently, there has been an effort to establish a ranking list of Polish universities in natural science and humanities, similar to the German Exzellenz Initiative.
Poland is a popular destination for students from all over the world seeking a bachelor’s degree. Students choose a Bachelor programs in Poland for several reasons, including excellence in education, rich culture and history, and a variety of landscapes ranging from beautiful countryside to dynamic cities.
There is a variety of Bachelor programs in Poland that students can choose from. Some of the most popular fields of study for a Bachelor courses in Poland are international relations,Medical, business, engineering, economics, and hospitality, to name a few. There are also options offered by universities that provide flexibility in scheduling, such as full-time, part-time, and on-line studies. Program specifics vary between universities and programs, and it usually takes a minimum of three years of full-time study to complete a Bachelor in Poland program.
Master Degree Programmes
Master’s degree is the second level of degree that can be obtained at a Poland university, after a Bachelor’s degree. It allows students to gain in-depth knowledge of a subject in an advanced course of study that lasts between two and four semesters. It also affords students the opportunity to develop valuable relationships and sometimes obtain hands-on experience via intern-ships and research. Once a student obtains a Master’s degree, he or she can enter the job market or aim for a higher academic degree: the doctoral degree.
Universities in Poland are renowned for offering top-notch Master programs at a relatively cheaper cost than their counterparts in the United Kingdom, United States and Australia. Although tuition fees may vary among Master’s degree programs. Scholarships, fellowships and grants are available for qualifying students.
Once a student finishes a Master’s degree program, career opportunities are plentiful in Poland. Many educational institutions offer students the chance to do intern-ships in their chosen field. Eropean companies such as BMW, Bosch, Daimler, and Siemens offer a wealth of opportunities to students interested in finance, marketing, engineering and many more areas. The close proximity of Germany,London, Paris, and Rome also expand the pool of job prospects for recent graduates. Even if a student chooses to return to his or her home country after completing the studies, the prestige of a Poland degree will give a distinct advantage in today’s competitive job market.
You’ve probably heard of the famous astronomer, Nicolaus Copernicus and might also be familiar with the novelist, Joseph Conrad, but would you know them as Mikołaj Kopernik or Józef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski? What about the composer, Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin, or the radiographer, Marie Skłodowska-Curie? As even this short list indicates, Poland’s contribution to important cultural developments and scientific breakthroughs has been far more extensive and exceptional than you might initially realise.
The Polish higher education system combines this rich cultural and intellectual heritage with a commitment to international engagement and development that reflects the country’s involvement in key European networks and organisations. Poland’s first university was founded in 1364 (making it the second oldest in Central Europe) but modern Polish higher education is also innovative and outward looking; the country is a signatory of the Bologna declaration and the ECTS credit system is used throughout its institutions.
All of this makes Poland an attractive option for international postgraduate study. As a PhD student in Poland, you’ll have the chance to conduct research in a country that has a prestigious intellectual and creative pedigree across various disciplines and takes the quality and recognition of modern doctoral training very seriously.
There’s more than one way to get your doctoral title in Poland. Depending on the subject, research proposal and type of university, there are several possible paths to a PhD, the most common of which are individual doctoral studies and structured PhD programs. The majority of doctoral candidates in Poland pursue PhDs through individual doctoral study, yet structured PhD programs are becoming increasingly common.